Heard Island and McDonald Islands


Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Introduction ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Background:

The United Kingdom transferred these uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a nature preserve.

Geography ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Location:

islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

Geographic coordinates:

53 06 S, 72 31 E

Area:

total: 412 sq km

country comparison to the world: 203

land: 412 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km

Coastline:

101.9 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:

antarctic

Terrain:

Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano 2,745 m

Natural resources:

fish

Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2011)

Irrigated land:

0 sq km (2011)

Natural hazards:

Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island

Environment - current issues:

NA

Geography - note:

Mawson Peak on Heard Island is the highest Australian mountain (at 2,745 meters, it is taller than Mt. Kosciuszko in Australia proper), and one of only two active volcanoes located in Australian territory, the other being McDonald Island; in 1992, McDonald Island broke its dormancy and began erupting; it has erupted several times since, most recently in 2005

People and Society ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Population:

uninhabited

Government ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Country name:

conventional long form: Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands

conventional short form: Heard Island and McDonald Islands

abbreviation: HIMI

Dependency status:

territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (Australian Antarctic Division)

Legal system:

the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply

Diplomatic representation in the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Flag description:

the flag of Australia is used

Economy ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Economy - overview:

The islands have no indigenous economic activity, but the Australian Government allows limited fishing in the surrounding waters. Visits to Heard Island typically focus on terrestrial and marine research and infrequent private expeditions.

Communications ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Internet country code:

.hm

Internet hosts:

102 (2012)

country comparison to the world: 208

Transportation ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Ports and terminals:

none; offshore anchorage only

Military ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of Australia; Australia conducts fisheries patrols

Transnational Issues ::Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Disputes - international:

none"

The World Factbook. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands — Heard Island Nickname: HIMI Satellite image of the southern tip of Heard Island. Cape Arkona is seen on the left side of the image, with Lied Glacier just above and Gotley Glacier just below. Big Ben Volcano and Mawson Peak are seen at the lower… …   Wikipedia

  • Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands — Introduction Heard Island and McDonald Islands Background: These uninhabited, barren, sub Antarctic islands were transferred from the UK to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a …   Universalium

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands — noun Uninhabited islands of Australia …   Wiktionary

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve — Lagekarte der Inseln des Seegebiets Das Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve ist ein 65.000 km² großes Meeresschutzgebiet im am weitesten von Australien entfernten Außengebiet. Es liegt im Indischen Ozean, 1.700 km nördlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands — Heard und McDonaldinseln Heard Island and McDonald Islands Basisdaten Land: Australien Verwaltung: Australian Antarctic Division of the Department of the Environment and Heritage Forschu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of mammals in Heard Island and McDonald Islands — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Heard Island and McDonald Islands. There are 13 mammal species in Heard Island and McDonald Islands, of which none are thought to be at risk. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which… …   Wikipedia

  • Heard and McDonald Islands — ▪ territory, Australia officially  Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands        subantarctic island groups, together forming an external territory of Australia and lying in the southern Indian Ocean, 2,500 miles (4,000 km) southwest of… …   Universalium

  • Heard and McDonald Islands — /hɜd ən məkˈdɒnəld/ (say herd uhn muhk donuhld) plural noun an Australian Antarctic territory in the Southern Ocean, about 4023 km south west of Fremantle; transferred from the UK in 1947, a scientific research station conducting meteorological… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Heard Island and the McDonald Islands — n. deserted and infertile islands located in the Southern Ocean two thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica (they have been part of Australia since 1947) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Birds of Heard and McDonald Islands — The Birds of Heard Island and the adjacent McDonald Islands, whether breeders or visitors, are almost all seabirds which find their food at sea in the waters of the surrounding Southern Ocean. An exception is the Black faced Sheathbill, an… …   Wikipedia